Business Advice from Elon Musk

  • Business is like eating glass and staring into the abyss.
  • Exciting for the first several months.
    • Then reality starts coming in
  • If your customers love you your chances of success are dramatically higher.
  • Focus on pleasing your customers.
  • Listen more to critical feedback
  • In a high growth company you can be cash flow negative.

January 28th Conversation with David

  • If you think that you’re a unique snow flake and you’re doing things that have never been done before, you’re likely to fall into despair because what you’re doing may be impossible.
    • 4 Minute Mile, example.
      • How did he do it? The trainer tricked him into thinking that he was running slower than he was.
    • If you think that somebody has done it before, then it is much easier.
  • Environment “limits” (or expands) what you think is possible.
  • If it rhymes people believe it.
  • “That is the rabbit hole. You ultimately choose to believe or not.”
  • Things that do not conform to your beliefs they do not make it into your brain.
  • An uber human can see what a person’s perspective filter is, and modify what they say to match that filter.
  • Fit into a person’s preconceived boxes so they use little mental energies as possible.

You Gotta Have a System – John Maxwell


  • Learn Systems to do work quickly and efficiently.
  • Systems are for managing time.
  • Systems help to prevent wasted energies
  • The biggest time waster is looking for things that are lost.
  • Systems must be used as a livestyle, not a one time thing.
  • Work in blocks of time.
    • Clump similar tasks together.
  • Create an area where you can work without interruptions.
  • Systems of delegation, aren’t so you can be lazy. You do it so you can become more effective.

Systems Help To:

  1. Manage time.
  2. Prevent wasted energies
  3. Multiply creativity and frees you up of trivia.
  4. Maximize our progress.

How Systems Maximize Life

  1. Decrease chaos
  2. Delegate your load. Pass off to others.
    1. Keep ball carriers close by.
    2. Bring people who are going to be doing the work to meetings so they understand the context.
    3. Delegate everything possible. Ask “Who can do this.”
    4. Do not waste time and energy repeating information
      1. Most communications problems can be solved by proximity.
    5. Train people how to handle problems.
      1. Every decision you make, make the decision and then explain why you made the decision to the other person. You will teach another how you think.
  3. Double your time. They make you time effective.
    1. Do 2 or 3 things at once whenever possible.
    2. Listen to learning audio in the car.
    3. Take projects with you on trips.
    4. Have work with you whenever you may have to wait.
    5. Work and play at the same time. (Ballgame bring legal pad)


  • “How you spend your time is more important than how you spend your money. Money mistakes can be correct, time is gone forever.”
  • “If you go to a meeting and you’re taking the notes, you ain’t the leader.” – John Maxwell

5 Step Equipping Process – John Maxwell – Notes

Note: Begins at 25:41 and ends at 27:42

  1. I do it.
    1. You can’t teach what you don’t know.
    2. We may teach what we know, but reproduce what we are.
  2. I do it and you’re with me.
    1. Mentor
    2. Coach
    3. You watch me and observe me.
    4. Be able to ask questions.
  3. You do it.
    1. You do it and I am with you.
    2. I watch you.
    3. Help you to get better.
  4. You do it.
    1. You don’t need me anymore.
    2. You do it well.
  5. You do it, and somebody is with you.
    1. Compounding.
    2. You teach someone else.

Breakthroughs – John Maxwell – Notes


  • Breakthroughs
    • Events that mold us, and move us forward.
    • We are never the same internally or externally
  • A Dream
    • Inspiring Picture of the Future that energizes your mind, will and emotions, empowering you to do everything you can to achieve it.
  • You never forget breakthroughs
    • If you can’t remember a breakthrough, it isn’t a breakthrough


  1. Groundbreaker
    1. Encourages you to start.
    2. John’s was a personal growth plan.
  2. Icebreaker
    1. You were clogged up and couldn’t get going, but an event gets you moving
  3. Windbreaker
    1. Encourages you to stand. Adversity of dreams wants to knock you flat.
  4. Cloudbreaker
    1. An event that allows you to be able to see far.
  5. Tiebreaker
    1. Heres what I want for myself, here is what would be best.
    2. They are not the same thing.
  6. Chart Breaker
    1. An event that takes the dream way beyond what you think could happen.
  7. Heart breaker
    1. Events that cause you to stop and re-prioritize.
  8. Record Breaker
    1. An event that encourages you to smile



  • Dead people don’t add value to others’ lives.

Notes and Thoughts on Apple Pruning Paper

Disclaimer: Scientific papers can, at times, be exceptionally hard work decoding their practical value. That is why I take notes on papers for future reviewing and understanding without having to return to the original texts. These notes are provided purely as a service to others and of my community while I do studying myself. The following notes may appear to be raw (because they are), and there is no expressed warranty regarding them. Following the notes are personal thoughts at the time of the reading, provided first as a service to myself, then also as a service to others. These too may appear to be raw and unpolished (because they are).

How young trees cope with removal of whole or parts of shoots: An analysis of local and distant responses to pruning in 1-year-old apple (Malus ×domestica; Rosaceae) trees

Click here for paper


  • Two types of prunings conducted on 1 year old apple trees that were then examined after 2-3 years of growth.
    • Heading
    • Thinning
  • Each tree started as a multi-limbed tree, although no limbs had side branching
  • 5 Tree Tests Performed. All tests used the same pruning technique in summer as they did in the following winter.
    • Control – No pruning at all.
      • After first pruning:
        • Longer limbs
        • Side branching on limbs
      • After second pruning:
        • Some longer limbs, not as much.
        • Much More side branching
        • Occasional new “limb” produced on 1st limbs.
    • Heading Cut performed half way down tree
      • After first pruning:
        • The cut area produced NEW buds and grew a multi-trunked top with one ever so slightly taller
        • Longer limbs
        • NO side branching on limbs
      • After second pruning
        • Main limbs grew longer than control
    • Heading Cuts performed half way (or more) down side shoots
      • After first pruning:
        • Buds near cuts grew longer in a slightly different direction
        • Not as long as the control or the single heading cut.
      • After second pruning:
        • Main limbs grew longer than control
    • Thinning Cut performed on 50% of all lateral shoots (branches)
      • After first pruning:
        • Where unpruned limbs existed, they grew longer.
        • Pruned areas grew back, only slightly.
        • NO side branching on limbs
      • After Second Pruning
        • More growth and side branching occuring on now larger limbs
    • Thinning Cut performed on 100% of all lateral shoots
      • After first pruning:
        • Grew back in the pruned locations but shorter in length.
        • NO side branching on limbs.
      • After second pruning
        • Cut growth returned by about 3/4
  • Conclusion Section
    • Earlier summer pruning likely maintains root and top growth balance, vs pruning at the end of summer.
      • Was shown that there was no invigorating effects seen a second year, unlike the trials conducted here. (Via winter pruning)
    • Competition may have been occurring between vegetative and flowering components. Floral differentiation was not occuring in autumn as was expected. Instead vegetative growth was occurring.
    • When thinning cuts were performed the main trunk remained a smaller diameter leading them to believe it was from new shoot formation draining resources.
    • Branches are not independent entities from the overall tree as seen from the growth effects stimulated by pruning far from where it occurred.
    • Possible that thinning cuts delay developmental processes, due to plant focusing on replenishing limbs.


  • Does summer prunings that are composted in place, or go through the gut of an animal produce an ecology that keeps plant decay tidy and clean, possibly taking residence where “diseases” might otherwise?
  • Winter pruning likely removes minimal if any life force from the tree as it is being stored in the roots. When the tree is bursting forth with new growth its sucking in the roots’ energy and sending it out the top.
  • Thinning cuts seem to remove the most amount of will from the plant to branch and fruit.
  • Heading cuts on the overall tree do not seem to impact negatively the lower branches, only forcing the creation of new shoots in the center competing for the top.
  • This may validate Dave Wilson’s techniques of backyard fruit culture, that really keeping the top canopy down in summer will keep a tree in check, but still allowing it to develop.
  • Thinning cuts appear to actually be effective at thinning out inner branches, but very ineffective for keeping height in check.
  • Heading cuts appear to be effective at diffusing energy from a single stem into multiple. At the right times (early summer and later summer) this likely slows down the race for size of the plant.
    • Note: Heading cuts are specifically cuts where any specific length of a plant is cut by at least half. The cut, really heads it back.
    • This diffusion of energy makes the plant more bush like.